Free Project Communication Management Questions from Rita’s Course in a Book for Passing the PMP Exam Review
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30 Free Project Communication Management Questions from Rita’s Course in a Book for Passing the PMP Exam
30 free project communication management questions from Rita’s Course in a Book for Passing the PMP Exam help perfect your readiness for project communication management. Those free PMP exam prep questions by knowledge area are intended for your knowledge enhancement, critical thinking development and understanding the exam format. Here hard questions with misleading information require your reasoned thinking utilization for successful solutions. Specially, the user friendly format help refresh your practice. Just tick the best response to each multiple choice question, and hit submit at the bottom of the page to have your results automatically checked and graded. Correct answers are highlighted green while wrong answers red. If you get wrong answer, don’t worry because NO means next opportunities. Review your incorrect answer(s) beside correct ones for knowledge solidification. Best luck!
Following your completion on this practice, don’t forget to return here to see rationale for each choice. Rather, below summary of questions with answers and feedbacks will sure help your review and hereby knowledge deepening.
1. Extensive use of ___ communication is most likely to aid in solving complex problems.
Answer B. Written
Written communication allows your words to be documented, and they will go to everyone in the same form. When there are complex problems, you want everyone to receive the same thing.
2. The work breakdown structure can be an effective aid for communication in which situation(s)?
Answer D. Internal and external to the project
The work breakdown structure allows communication vertically and horizontally within the organization as well as outside the project.
3. The MOST likely result of communication blockers is that:
Answer C. Conflict occurs
The major result of communication blockers and miscommunication as a whole is conflict.
4. Communications are often enhanced when the sender ___ the receiver.
Answer D. Shows concern for the perspective of
Understanding the receiver’s perspective allows you to direct the communication to meet his needs.
5. Formal written correspondence with the customer is required when:
Answer B. The customer requests additional work not covered under contract
Everything that we do is more formal in a procurement environment than in other project activities. Because choice B deals with contracts, it is the best answer.
6. A project manager has a problem with a team member’s performance. What is the BEST form of communication for addressing this problem?
Answer D. Informal verbal communication
The best choice is D. If informal verbal communication does not solve the problem, choice A is the next best choice. This does not me an that you do not keep records of the problem, but this question is asking about communication between two parties.
7. Communications under a contract should tend toward:
Answer A. Formal written communication
When we talk about contracts, everything that we do is more formal than in other project activities. Records are also important, thus the need for written communication.
8. The project status report is an example of which type of communication?
Answer A. Formal written communication
The project status needs to be known by many people. Therefore, it is best to make this type of communication in writing so that it can be transmitted to many people. It is also formal in that it is an official report of the project. Therefore, choice A is the best answer.
9. When a project manager is engaged in negotiations, nonverbal communication skills are of:
Answer B. Major importance
Nonverbal communication carries 55 percent of the message you send. With this much at stake, nonverbal communication is of major importance.
10. A large, one-year telecommunications project is about halfway done when you take the place of the previous project manager. The project involves three different sellers and a project team of 30 people. You would like to see the project’s communications requirements and what technology is being used to aid in project communications. Where will you find this information?
Answer D. The communications management plan
Although the information is found as a sub-plan to the project management plan (choice A), the communications management plan (choice D) is the best answer because it directly answers the question.
11. Project information has been distributed according to the communications management plan. Some project deliverables have been changed in accordance with the project management plan. One stakeholder expressed surprise to the project manager upon hearing of a previously published change to a project deliverable. All stakeholders received the communication containing notification of the change. What should the project manager do?
Answer C. Review the communications management plan and make revisions if necessary
Choice A cannot be correct because the question states that all stakeholders received the information. Choices Band D do not address the root cause of the problem. The problem presented here shows that there is something missing in the communications management plan. The best answer is to review the communications management plan in order to prevent future problems and find any instances of similar problems.
12. Communication is the key to the success of a project. As the project manager, you have three stakeholders with whom you need to communicate. As such, you have six channels of communication. A new stakeholder has been added that you also need to communicate with. How many communications channels do you have now?
Answer B. 10
Did you realize that the project manager is part of the communication channels? Therefore, there are actually four stakeholders to begin with and six channels of communication. The question is asking how many total channels of communication you have with a team of five people. The formula is [N x (N-l)]/2 or (5 x 4)/2 = 10.
13. Two people are arguing about what needs to be done to complete a work package. If the project manager wants to know what is going on, she should pay MOST attention to:
Answer D. The pitch and tone of the voices, and physical mannerisms
Choices C and D both include nonverbal communication, which represents 55 percent of communication. Choice D adds paralingual communication (pitch and tone) and is thus the best choice.
14. A project manager has a project team consisting of people in four countries. The project is very important to the company, and the project manager is concerned about its success. The length of the project schedule is acceptable. What type of communication should he use?
Answer B. Formal written communication
Because of the differences in culture and the distance between team members, formal written communication is needed.
15. The project status meeting is not going weIl. Everyone is talking at the same time, there are people who are not participating, and many topics are being discussed at random. Which of the following rules for effective meetings is NOT being adhered to?
Answer D. Create and publish an agenda and a set of rules for controlling the meeting
Choice A is not a “rule” for effective meetings. Since there is no indication that the meeting was not scheduled in advance (choice B) or that there isn’t a purpose (choice C), these cannot be the best answers. “Discussed at randomn” implies no agenda (choice D). If an agenda is issued beforehand, people will follow the outline and should not need random discussions.
16. You have just been assigned as project manager for a large manufacturing project. This one-year project is about halfway done. It involves five different sellers and 20 members of your company on the project team. You want to quickly review where the project now stands. Which of the following reports would be the MOST helpful in finding such information?
Answer B. Progress
The key word is “quickly” The status report (choice A) is too detailed for a quick look. The forecast report (choice C) only looks into the future. The progress report (choice B) will summarize project status.
17. A team member is visiting the manufacturing plant of one of the suppliers. Which of the following is the MOST important thing to be done in any telephone calls the project manager might make to the team member?
Answer A. Ask the team member to repeat back what the project manager says
Questions like this can drive one crazy. Although it asks for the most important thing, there are many choices that are reasonably correct. In questions like this, look for the most immediate need. In this case, the team member is in a manufacturing environment. That means that communications will most likely be blocked by noise. In order to have the issue at hand, the communication, taken care of, it is BEST for the project manager to use choice A.
18. A project manager overhears a conversation between two stakeholders who are talking about how unhappy they are with the impacts of the project on their own departments. Stakeholder A asks if the project is on time, and stakeholder B replies that the SPI is 1.05. Stakeholder A asks if the project manager for the project knows of stake holder B’s concern. Stakeholder B responds that he is not sure. What is the BEST thing for the project manager to do?
Answer D. Arrange a meeting with both stakeholders to allow them to voice any concerns they may have
Here again is a question with more than one right answer. Would asking for something in writing be the best way to communicate? In this particular situation, asking for the concern to be in writing might alienate the stakeholders. Therefore, choice A cannot be best. The issue log (choice C) is where the issue should be listed, but the situation does not say if the project manager knows what the stakeholder’s concern is. Therefore, C cannot be the best choice. Why not choice B? Notice the use of the words “all stakeholders” Why bother other stakeholders with this problem when the project manager already knows there may be some concern of stakeholders A and B to address, not all stakeholders. Choice B refers to making a presentation. Presentations are formal verbal. This problem would likely require informal verbal communication in order to discover the real problem. Choice D is therefore the best choice.
19. A project manager wants to more extensively involve the stakeholders on the project. Which of the following would be the BEST way to accomplish this?
Answer A. Have the stakeholders periodically review the list of project requirements
It seems like all of these are good ideas, but choice A helps discover errors and changes, and could therefore be considered the best choice.
20. During the middle of the project, things have been going well. The work authorization system has allowed people to know when to start work, and the issue log has helped keep track of stakeholders’ needs. The benefit cost ratio has been improving, and the sponsor has expressed his appreciation for the team members’ efforts by hosting a milestone party for the team. The project manager gets a call from a team member saying that the results from the completion of their activity’s predecessor is two days late. Which of the following reasons would BEST describe why this occurred?
Answer B. Functional management was not included in the communications management plan
Since there is no information about the sponsor or his needs in this situation and nothing presented here relates to sponsors, choice A cannot be best. Choice C cannot be best, as it is not a correct statement. One watches both predecessor and successor activities. Choice D cannot be best, as the attendance at the party and the issue at hand are not related. Often forgotten in communications management plans are the bosses of team members (functional management, since of course you remember that we are assuming a matrix organization). Including the bosses of team members in communications planning, requirements gathering, risk management, and other areas of project
management helps make the project better. In addition, it helps the boss manage his own resources effectively. If the functional manager of the team member assigned to the predecessor activity had been included, he would have known when the team member was needed to do work for the project and the impact, if any, of delay. The communications management plan might also have included a method to communicate potential delays. For these reasons, choice B is best.
21. A project manager has just been assigned a team that comes from many countries, including Brazil, Japan, the US, and Britain. What is her BEST tool for success?
Answer D. Communication and well-developed people skills
Working with people from different cultures, with different cultural values and beliefs, necessitates an understanding of both basic definitions and the areas of cultural impact. As project managers, we need to have good communication skills and a willingness to adapt to other cultures.
22. The project has 13 team members and affects over 15 departments in the organization. Because the project is 20 percent complete to date and the team has had successful performance reports from five of the affected departmnents, the project manager holds a party to celebrate. The project manager invites key stakeholders from all of the departments to the party, in order to give those providing good reviews an informal opportunity to communicate good things to those departments that have not yet been affected by the project. At the party, the project manager walks around to try to discover any relevant information that would help the project be more successful. He happens to hear a manager of one of the departments talking about setting up more regular meetings on the project. The BEST thing for the project manager to do would be to FIRST:
Answer B. Review the information distribution methods on the project
Many of these choices could be done, but ask yourself, “What is the most effective thing to do?” The party may well generate lessons learned, and recording them (choice A) would certainly be a good idea, but the question asked what to do first. There is a more immediate issue the manager. Choice C could also be useful, but it would require taking time of all the stakeholders when there is only one stakeholder, the manager, who definitely has an issue. Besides, a good project manager would be holding regular meetings with the stakeholders already. Choice D might be a good idea, as the manager apparently is not communicating with the project manager. However, this would not absolutely make sure the manager does communicate. The manager is, in effect, saying that he is not getting the information he needs. His lack of needed information is causing hirn to suggest more meetings. Too many meetings are a problem on projects. The concept of information distribution (choice B) is to determine who needs what information and plan how to get it to them. A great project manager does not just add meetings, but solves the real problem in the best way. That might take the form of changing a report or sending existing reports to different people rather than adding meetings. For these reasons, choice B is best.
23. The purpose of status meetings is to:
Answer A. Exchange information about the project
Many people select choice B, but the question asks for the purpose of such meetings. Team members’ reporting on what they are doing may best be done outside of meetings. The main purpose is choice A.
24. The requirements of many stakeholders were not approved for inclusion in your project. Therefore, you had a difficult time receiving formal approval of the project management plan for this project. The stakeholders argued and held up the project while they held meeting after meeting about their requirements. The project was finally approved and work began six months ago. All of the following would be good preventive actions to implement EXCEPT:
Answer D. Hold meetings with the stakeholders to go over the work that will not be added to the project
Why would choice D be the action not to take? Isn’t it similar to choice A? Yes and no. This issue should be over, but since there were so many meetings and arguments about the requirements being removed, it is unlikely that the issue will be dropped by the stakeholders. However, since it has not come up again, and the project was started six months ago, spending time in a meeting is excessive. The other choices are easier and have less impact on the project and are therefore things that could be done.
25. The project manager is expecting a deliverable to be submitted by e-mail from a team member today. At the end of the day, the project manager contacts the team member to notify him that it has not been received. The team member apologizes and says that he was not able to e- mail the deliverable, and it was sent through themail instead. The team member goes on to explain that he notified the project manager that this would occur during a phone conversation they had while the project manager was traveling. “Wasn’t that the conversation we had when I told you I could not hear you well due to poor cell phone coverage?” asks the project manager. “Yes,” replies the team member. What could have avoided this problem?
Answer D. Feedback during the communication
The pitch and tone of voice (choice A) is not relevant here, as the project manager could not even hear what was being said. There were no issues recognized after the conversation, so none could be added to the issue log (choice B). This issue is not related to communications requirements, so choice C cannot be best. Saying, “I am not sure I properly heard what you said” during the conversation or asking for the message to be repeated back to the sender would have prevented this problem. This makes choice D the best option.
26. When do stakeholders have the MOST influence on a project?
Answer A. At the beginning of the project
Stakeholders must be identified and involved at the beginning of the project, in order to determine their requirements and expections. Remember that if this is not done early, the results may be expensive changes and/or dissatisfaction later in the project.
27. The project has been going well, except for the number of changes being made. The project is being installed into seven different departments within the company and will greatly improve departmental performance when operational. There are 14 project management processes selected for use on this project. The project manager is a technical expert as well as having been trained in communications and managing people. Which of the following is the MOST likely cause of the project problems?
Answer D. Some stakeholders were not identified
It is important he re to look for the choice that would solve the real problem. There is no reason to think that training (choice A), management oversight (choice B), or a need for more processes (choice C) are factors contributing to the number of changes. The root cause would be that stakeholders were missed and, therefore, their requirements were not found. Those stakeholders are now causing changes to accommodate their needs. The best choice is D.
28. Stakeholders can be identified in which project management process groups?
Answer A. Initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing
Stakeholders can be identified throughout the project management process groups. However, the earlier stakeholders are identified, the better for the project. If all of the stakeholders’ needs and requirements are taken into account before plans are finalized and project work is begun, fewer changes will be needed later in the project, when they will be more costly.
29. If a project manager wants to report on the actual project results vs. planned results, she should use a:
Answer D. Variance report
This situation describes the need to “compare,” A trend report (choice A) shows performance over time. A forecasting report (choice B) looks only to the future. A status report (choice C) is generally static (relating to a moment in time). The only choice that compares project results is a variance analysis (choice D).
30. A particular stakeholder has a reputation for making many changes on projects. What is the BEST approach a project manager can take at the beginning of the project to manage this situation?
Answer B. Get the stakeholder involved in the project as early as possible
We cannot avoid the stakeholder (choices C and D), because he has a stake in the project. A project manager can say “No”‘ (choice A), but this does not solve the root cause. There may be some good ideas within those changes. The only choice that deals with the problem is choice B. Changes are not bad! Changes normally come from lack of input at the beginning of the project. If we begin effective communication with this stakeholder early (choice B), we stand a much better chance of discovering his changes during the planning process, when they will have less of an impact on the project.